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Key Takeaways from India’s Successful G20 Summit 2023

The G20 Summit 2023, hosted by India, showcased the country’s diplomatic prowess and garnered praise from diplomats worldwide. Prime Minister Modi’s leadership was commended for fostering consensus among the diverse bloc and laying the groundwork for future collaboration. This summit underscored India’s growing global influence, with experts suggesting that only India could have achieved such a comprehensive consensus.

African Union’s Inclusion

The G20 summit formalized the inclusion of the African Union (AU) as a permanent member, alongside the European Union, expanding representation from the Global South. This move aimed to reduce the dominance of G7 countries and enhance the inclusivity of the G20.

Global Biofuel Alliance

Prime Minister Modi inaugurated the Global Biofuels Alliance, a significant milestone of India’s G20 presidency agenda. This alliance, led by India, the United States, and Brazil, promotes international collaboration, sustainable biofuel adoption, and global biofuels trade.

Softer Stance on Ukraine Conflict

The G20 nations agreed to avoid acquiring territory through force, acknowledging the suffering in Ukraine. While not directly criticizing Russia, this marked a shift from the previous year’s condemnation, signaling a commitment to refrain from territorial aggression.

India-Middle East-Europe Corridor

Leaders from the US, India, and Saudi Arabia announced plans for rail and port connections between the Middle East, South Asia, and Europe, offering an alternative to China’s Belt and Road projects.

Climate Change Commitments

The G20 aimed to triple renewable energy capacity by 2030 and acknowledged the need to phase out unabated coal power. However, specific goals and policy amendments were not outlined. Britain pledged $2 billion to the Green Climate Fund, assisting developing nations in addressing climate challenges.

The New Delhi Declaration

The G20 embraced the New Delhi Leaders Summit Declaration, emphasizing adherence to international law, peaceful conflict resolution, and diplomacy.

Modi’s Diplomatic Triumph

Leading the G20 allowed Prime Minister Modi to position India as a diplomatic and economic power, boosting his domestic image as he sought a third term in office. India’s successful hosting marked a pivotal moment on the global stage.


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